IP Address |
the TCP/IP protocol architecture has been IP. An IP address (Internet Protocol Address) is a numerical identification (logical address) of a network adapter. Every computer has their own IP address are all different is like a home address. the IP header format, which is a minimum of 20 octets, or 160 bits. The header, together with the segment from the transport layer, forms an IP-level PDU referred to as an IP datagram or an IP packet.The header includes 32-bit source and destination addresses.
In 1995, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), which develops protocol standards for the Internet, issued a specification for a next-generation IP, known then as IPng. This specification was turned into a standard in 1996 known as IPv6. IPv6 provides a number of functional enhancements over the existing IP, designed to accommodate the higher speeds of today’s networks and the mix of data streams, including graphic and video, that are becoming more prevalent.
IPv6 includes 128-bit source and destination address fields. Ultimately, all installations using TCP/IP are expected to migrate from the current IP to IPv6,
There has two version of the Internet Protocol (IP) use currently,
Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4) : 192.168.1.100 limited to 4,294,967,296 IP address
Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) : 2001:db8:0:1234:10:567:12:11 about 340 trillion IP address