This week in 1950, John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley received US patents for circuits that would eventually be called the transistor.
Optical Fibre annihilated the cost of communicating over global distances, and so enabled the World Wide Web.
Mr. Charles Kuen Kao, a Nobel Prize winner dubbed the “father of fiber optics”
Professor Kao pioneered in the development and use of fiber optics technology, bringing revolutionary changes to modern telecommunication technology. Kao published the theory of how total internal reflection can be used to guide light nearly losslessly in 1966.
Kao was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 2009 for his pioneering work in fiber optics. Before he passed away, Kao battled Alzheimer’s disease for years.
Charles Kuen Kao was the visionary who pioneered the use of a single mode dielectric (glass) optical fibre waveguide for long distance communications. This was at a time when the losses of the best available glasses made the idea seem impossible to almost everyone else.
“ for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication ”
…a glass core about three or four microns in diameter, clad with a coaxial layer of another glass having a refractive index smaller than that of the core by about one per cent…
It should be noted that when these methods are perfected, it will be possible to transmit very large quantities of information (telephone, television, data, etc.) between say, the Americas and Europe, along a single undersea cable.
Kao was born in Jinshan county, East China’s Jiangsu province (today’s Jinshan district of Shanghai) in 1933. He studied at the University of London where he obtained his Bachelor of Science degree and his PhD in electrical engineering.
Charles Kao, a Nobel Prize winner dubbed the “father of fiber optics”, died at 84 on Sunday, according to Hong Kong media.
Plankalkül is a programming language designed for engineering purposes by Konrad Zuse between 1942 and 1945. It was the first high-level (non-von Neumann) programming language [c++] to be designed for a computer.
I have not failed,
I have just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.
[ Thomas Alva Edison]
Ada Lovelace’s life and work had an impact not just on the world of science and technology, but on writers, artists, and scholars of all kinds from her time to the present day.
In celebration of the 200th birthday of this remarkable 19th Century thinker, ACM Books has released “Ada’s Legacy: Cultures of Computing from the Victorian to the Digital Age,” which highlights her continued relevance in discussions about gender and technology in the digital age. Owing to the book’s unique interdisciplinary appeal, Ada’s Legacy is an important contribution to the Lovelace scholarship that has proliferated in the 21st Century.
Creator Of C Programming :: Denis Mac Elister Reche.
Denis Mac Elister Richi is the creator of the programming language “ C ”. On the 9th September 1941, Denis Richi was bon in the NewYork city. C programming language was produced by this great scientist. Denis Richi & Brian Carnign accordingly was published the Book The “ C Programming language ” also, remind that this book is called the great book for C Programming language. Denis Richi is the co – organizer of the UNIX operating System. LINUX, Solaris, BSD, MaC OSX, etc, operating system was came from the inspiration of the UNIX operating system.
On 12 October, 2011, this Great Computer Scientist Denis Reche was left from the world. Denis Reche was achieved the Higher Degree & Ph.D from Harvard University. His many creativity software architect system was change the way of software engineering system. on 1983, Reche was got the Nobel on Computer System for the basic idea of Operating System & UNIX operating system. also, he was achieved IEEE Richard W Haming Honor for the creating of C & UNIX system, in 1990. On 1998, Reche was got the America (United States of America’s ) higher Honor “ National Scientist Award ”
Ralph Baer, an IEEE Fellow who paved the way for modern home video game consoles, died 6 December at the age of 92.
In 1966, while sitting outside of the Port Authority Bus Terminal, in New York City, Baer used a pencil and paper to sketch his idea for a “game box” that would allow people to play a variety of games on almost any American television set. He then collaborated with colleagues at Sanders Associates (now BAE Electronics), a former defense contractor, in Nashua, N.H., to develop a prototype console called the “Brown Box.” The soundless multiplayer system included clear plastic overlay sheets that could be taped to the player’s TV screen to add color, playing fields, and other graphics. It ran games off printed-circuit-board cartridges that controlled switches to alter the circuit logic, depending on the game.
In 1968 the company licensed the system to TV-set maker Magnavox, which named it the Odyssey. The company offered it in the United States in 1972 and sole 130,000 units the first year. It came with games that included football, a shooting game, and a table tennis game that predated Atari’s popular version, called Pong. Magnavox later sued Atari for patent infringement, saying Pong was a copy of Odyssey’s table tennis game. The case was settled out of court.
ENIAC, the first electronic general-purpose computer, took up 167 square meters of space. Almost 50 years later, as of 1996, you could simulate the ENIAC using a silicon chip the size of your fingernail and a circuit board.
Technologies that we use today would you like to see shrink in the next 50 years.